Open Access publishing and archiving are cost efficient.
Although open access publishing is by no means free, a few recent reports have shown that alternative scholarly publishing models are economically advantageous not only to the UK as a whole, but also to institutions individually. These economic advantages vary, depending on the size of the institution and quantity of research publications, but hold strong. These alternative models have been shown to be less costly than the existing system, even when the payment of subscription fees continues.
Houghton, J., Rasmussen, B., Oppenheim, C., Morris, A., Greenwood, H., Summers, M. & Gourlay, A. (2009). Economic Implications of AlternativeScholarly Publishing Models: Exploring the costs and benefits. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2009/economicpublishingmodelsfinalreport.aspx
Houghton, J., Rasmussen, B. & Sheehan, P. (2010). Economic and Social Returns on Investment in Open Archiving Publicly Funded Research Outputs: Report to SPARC. Centre for Strategic Economic Studies Victoria University. http://www.arl.org/sparc/bm~doc/vufrpaa.pdf
SQW Limited (Commissioned by the Wellcome Trust). (2004). Costs and Business Models in Scientific Research Publishing. http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/About-us/Publications/Reports/Biomedical-science/WTD003185.htm
Swan, A. (2010). Modelling Scholarly Communication Options: Costs and benefits for universities. Project Report. http://ie-repository.jisc.ac.uk/442/